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Weights & Measures

Population Below The Poverty Line
National estimates of the percentage of the population falling below the poverty line are based on surveys of sub-groups, with the results weighted by the number of people in each group. Definitions of poverty vary considerably among nations. For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations.
Country
Population below poverty line (%)
Afghanistan 53% (2003)
Albania 25% (2004 est.)
Algeria 25% (2005 est.)
American Samoa NA%
Andorra NA%
Angola 70% (2003 est.)
Anguilla 23% (2002)
Antigua and Barbuda NA%
Argentina 23.4% (January-June 2007)
Armenia 26.5% (2006 est.)
Aruba NA%
Australia NA%
Austria 5.9% (2004)
Azerbaijan 24% (2005 est.)
Bahamas, The 9.3% (2004)
Bahrain NA%
Bangladesh 45% (2004 est.)
Barbados NA%
Belarus 27.1% (2003 est.)
Belgium 15.2% (2007 est.)
Belize 33.5% (2002 est.)
Benin 37.4% (2007 est.)
Bermuda 19% (2000)
Bhutan 31.7% (2003)
Bolivia 60% (2006 est.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina 25% (2004 est.)
Botswana 30.3% (2003)
Brazil 31% (2005)
British Virgin Islands NA%
Brunei NA%
Bulgaria 14.1% (2003 est.)
Burkina Faso 46.4% (2004)
Burma 32.7% (2007 est.)
Burundi 68% (2002 est.)
Cambodia 35% (2004)
Cameroon 48% (2000 est.)
Canada 10.8%; note - this figure is the Low Income Cut-Off (LICO), a calculation that results in higher figures than found in many comparable economies; Canada does not have an official poverty line (2005)
Cape Verde 30% (2000)
Cayman Islands NA%
Central African Republic NA%
Chad 80% (2001 est.)
Chile 18.2% (2005)
China 8%
note: 21.5 million rural population live below the official "absolute poverty" line (approximately $90 per year); and an additional 35.5 million rural population above that but below the official "low income" line (approximately $125 per year) (2006 est.)
Colombia 49.2% (2005)
Comoros 60% (2002 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the NA%
Congo, Republic of the NA%
Cook Islands NA%
Costa Rica 16% (2006 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire 42% (2006 est.)
Croatia 11% (2003)
Cuba NA%
Cyprus NA%
Czech Republic NA%
Denmark NA%
Djibouti 42% (2007 est.)
Dominica 30% (2002 est.)
Dominican Republic 42.2% (2004)
Ecuador 38.3% (2006)
Egypt 20% (2005 est.)
El Salvador 30.7% (2006 est.)
Equatorial Guinea NA%
Eritrea 50% (2004 est.)
Estonia 5% (2003)
Ethiopia 38.7% (FY05/06 est.)
European Union see individual country listings
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) NA%
Faroe Islands NA%
Fiji 25.5% (FY90/91)
Finland NA%
France 6.2% (2004)
French Polynesia NA%
Gabon NA%
Gambia, The NA%
Gaza Strip 80% (2007 est.)
Georgia 31% (2006)
Germany 11% (2001 est.)
Ghana 28.5% (2007 est.)
Gibraltar NA%
Greece NA%
Greenland NA%
Grenada 32% (2000)
Guam 23% (2001 est.)
Guatemala 56.2% (2004 est.)
Guernsey NA%
Guinea 47% (2006 est.)
Guinea-Bissau NA%
Guyana NA%
Haiti 80% (2003 est.)
Holy See (Vatican City) NA%
Honduras 50.7% (2004)
Hong Kong NA%
Hungary 8.6% (1993 est.)
Iceland NA%
India 25% (2007 est.)
Indonesia 17.8% (2006)
Iran 18% (2007 est.)
Iraq NA%
Ireland 7% (2005 est.)
Isle of Man NA%
Israel 21.6%
note: Israel's poverty line is $7.30 per person per day (2005)
Italy NA%
Jamaica 14.8% (2003 est.)
Japan NA%
Jersey NA%
Jordan 14.2% (2002)
Kazakhstan 13.8% (2007)
Kenya 50% (2000 est.)
Kiribati NA%
Korea, North NA%
Korea, South 15% (2003 est.)
Kosovo 37% (2007 est.)
Kuwait NA%
Kyrgyzstan 40% (2004 est.)
Laos 30.7% (2005 est.)
Latvia NA%
Lebanon 28% (1999 est.)
Lesotho 49% (1999)
Liberia 80% (2000 est.)
Libya 7.4% (2005 est.)
Liechtenstein NA%
Lithuania 4% (2003)
Luxembourg NA%
Macau NA%
Macedonia 29.8% (2006)
Madagascar 50% (2004 est.)
Malawi 53% (2004)
Malaysia 5.1% (2002 est.)
Maldives 21% (2004)
Mali 36.1% (2005 est.)
Malta NA%
Marshall Islands NA%
Mauritania 40% (2004 est.)
Mauritius 8% (2006 est.)
Mayotte NA%
Mexico 13.8% using food-based definition of poverty; asset based poverty amounted to more than 40% (2006)
Micronesia, Federated States of 26.7% (2000)
Moldova 29.5% (2005)
Monaco NA%
Mongolia 36.1% (2004)
Montenegro 7% (2007 est.)
Montserrat NA%
Morocco 15% (2007 est.)
Mozambique 70% (2001 est.)
Namibia the UNDP's 2005 Human Development Report indicated that 34.9% of the population live on $1 per day and 55.8% live on $2 per day
Nauru NA%
Nepal 30.9% (2004)
Netherlands 10.5% (2005)
Netherlands Antilles NA%
New Caledonia NA%
New Zealand NA%
Nicaragua 48% (2005)
Niger 63% (1993 est.)
Nigeria 70% (2007 est.)
Niue NA%
Northern Mariana Islands NA%
Norway NA%
Oman NA%
Pakistan 24% (FY05/06 est.)
Palau NA%
Panama 37% (1999 est.)
Papua New Guinea 37% (2002 est.)
Paraguay 32% (2005 est.)
Peru 44.5% (2006)
Philippines 30% (2003 est.)
Poland 17% (2003 est.)
Portugal 18% (2006)
Puerto Rico NA%
Qatar NA%
Romania 25% (2005 est.)
Russia 15.8% (November 2007)
Rwanda 60% (2001 est.)
Saint Helena NA%
Saint Kitts and Nevis NA%
Saint Lucia NA%
Saint Pierre and Miquelon NA%
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines NA%
Samoa NA%
San Marino NA%
Sao Tome and Principe 54% (2004 est.)
Saudi Arabia NA%
Senegal 54% (2001 est.)
Serbia 6.5% (2007 est.)
Seychelles NA%
Sierra Leone 70.2% (2004)
Singapore NA%
Slovakia 21% (2002)
Slovenia 12.9% (2004)
Solomon Islands NA%
Somalia NA%
South Africa 50% (2000 est.)
Spain 19.8% (2005)
Sri Lanka 22% (2002 est.)
Sudan 40% (2004 est.)
Suriname 70% (2002 est.)
Swaziland 69% (2006)
Sweden NA%
Switzerland NA%
Syria 11.9% (2006 est.)
Taiwan 0.95% (2007 est.)
Tajikistan 60% (2007 est.)
Tanzania 36% (2002 est.)
Thailand 10% (2004 est.)
Timor-Leste 42% (2003 est.)
Togo 32% (1989 est.)
Tokelau NA%
Tonga 24% (FY03/04)
Trinidad and Tobago 17% (2007 est.)
Tunisia 7.4% (2005 est.)
Turkey 20% (2002)
Turkmenistan 30% (2004 est.)
Turks and Caicos Islands NA%
Tuvalu NA%
Uganda 35% (2001 est.)
Ukraine 37.7% (2003)
United Arab Emirates 19.5% (2003)
United Kingdom 14% (2006 est.)
United States 12% (2004 est.)
Uruguay 27.37% of households (2006)
Uzbekistan 33% (2004 est.)
Vanuatu NA%
Venezuela 37.9% (end 2005 est.)
Vietnam 14.75% (2007 est.)
Virgin Islands 28.9% (2002)
Wallis and Futuna NA%
West Bank 46% (2007 est.)
Western Sahara NA%
Yemen 45.2% (2003)
Zambia 86% (1993)
Zimbabwe 68% (2004)
This page was last updated on 15 April, 2008
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