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Labour Force By Occupation
This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
Country
Labor force - by occupation (%)
Afghanistan agriculture: 80%
industry: 10%
services: 10% (2004 est.)
Albania agriculture: 58%
industry: 15%
services: 27% (September 2006 est.)
Algeria agriculture 14%, industry 13.4%, construction and public works 10%, trade 14.6%, government 32%, other 16% (2003 est.)
American Samoa agriculture: 34%
industry: 33%
services: 33% (1990)
Andorra agriculture: 0.3%
industry: 20.3%
services: 79.4% (2005)
Angola agriculture: 85%
industry and services: 15% (2003 est.)
Anguilla agriculture/fishing/forestry/mining 4%, manufacturing 3%, construction 18%, transportation and utilities 10%, commerce 36%, services 29% (2000 est.)
Antigua and Barbuda agriculture: 7%
industry: 11%
services: 82% (1983)
Argentina agriculture: 1%
industry: 23%
services: 76% (2007 est.)
Armenia agriculture: 46.2%
industry: 15.6%
services: 38.2% (2006 est.)
Aruba agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
note: most employment is in wholesale and retail trade and repair, followed by hotels and restaurants; oil refining
Australia agriculture: 3.6%
industry: 21.2%
services: 75.2% (2004 est.)
Austria agriculture: 3%
industry: 27%
services: 70% (2005 est.)
Azerbaijan agriculture: 41%
industry: 7%
services: 52% (2001)
Bahamas, The agriculture 5%, industry 5%, tourism 50%, other services 40% (2005 est.)
Bahrain agriculture: 1%
industry: 79%
services: 20% (1997 est.)
Bangladesh agriculture: 63%
industry: 11%
services: 26% (FY95/96)
Barbados agriculture: 10%
industry: 15%
services: 75% (1996 est.)
Belarus agriculture: 14%
industry: 34.7%
services: 51.3% (2003 est.)
Belgium agriculture: 2%
industry: 25%
services: 73% (2007 est.)
Belize agriculture: 22.5%
industry: 15.2%
services: 62.3% (2005 est.)
Bermuda agriculture and fishing 3%, laborers 17%, clerical 19%, professional and technical 21%, administrative and managerial 15%, sales 7%, services 19% (2004 est.)
Bhutan agriculture: 63%
industry: 6%
services: 31% (2004 est.)
Bolivia agriculture: 40%
industry: 17%
services: 43% (2006 est.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Botswana agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Brazil agriculture: 20%
industry: 14%
services: 66% (2003 est.)
British Virgin Islands agriculture: 0.6%
industry: 40%
services: 59.4% (2005)
Brunei agriculture: 2.9%
industry: 61.1%
services: 36% (2003 est.)
Bulgaria agriculture: 8.5%
industry: 33.6%
services: 57.9% (2nd qtr. 2006 est.)
Burkina Faso agriculture: 90%
industry and services: 10% (2000 est.)
Burma agriculture: 70%
industry: 7%
services: 23% (2001)
Burundi agriculture: 93.6%
industry: 2.3%
services: 4.1% (2002 est.)
Cambodia agriculture: 75%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Cameroon agriculture: 70%
industry: 13%
services: 17% (2001 est.)
Canada agriculture 2%, manufacturing 13%, construction 6%, services 76%, other 3% (2006)
Cayman Islands agriculture: 1.4%
industry: 12.6%
services: 86% (1995)
Chad agriculture: 80% (subsistence farming, herding, and fishing)
industry and services: 20% (2006 est.)
Chile agriculture: 13.6%
industry: 23.4%
services: 63% (2003)
China agriculture: 43%
industry: 25%
services: 32% (2006 est.)
Cocos (Keeling) Islands note: the Cocos Islands Cooperative Society Ltd. employs construction workers, stevedores, and lighterage workers; tourism employs others
Colombia agriculture: 22.7%
industry: 18.7%
services: 58.5% (2000 est.)
Comoros agriculture: 80%
industry and services: 20% (1996 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Cook Islands agriculture: 29%
industry: 15%
services: 56% (1995)
Costa Rica agriculture: 14%
industry: 22%
services: 64% (2006 est.)
Croatia agriculture: 2.7%
industry: 32.8%
services: 64.5% (2004)
Cuba agriculture: 20%
industry: 19.4%
services: 60.6% (2005)
Cyprus agriculture: 8.5%
industry: 20.5%
services: 71% (2006 est.)
Czech Republic agriculture: 4.1%
industry: 37.6%
services: 58.3% (2003)
Denmark agriculture: 3%
industry: 21%
services: 76% (2004 est.)
Djibouti agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Dominica agriculture: 40%
industry: 32%
services: 28% (2000 est.)
Dominican Republic agriculture: 17%
industry: 24.3%
services: 58.7% (1998 est.)
Ecuador agriculture: 8%
industry: 24%
services: 68% (2001)
Egypt agriculture: 32%
industry: 17%
services: 51% (2001 est.)
El Salvador agriculture: 19%
industry: 23%
services: 58% (2006 est.)
Eritrea agriculture: 80%
industry and services: 20% (2004 est.)
Estonia agriculture: 11%
industry: 20%
services: 69% (1999 est.)
Ethiopia agriculture: 80%
industry: 8%
services: 12% (1985)
European Union agriculture: 4.4%
industry: 27.1%
services: 67.1%
note: the remainder is in miscellaneous public and private sector industries and services (2002 est.)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) agriculture: 95% (mostly sheepherding and fishing)
industry and services: 5% (1996)
Faroe Islands agriculture: 33%
industry: 33%
services: 34% (October 2000)
Fiji agriculture: 70%
industry and services: 30% (2001 est.)
Finland agriculture and forestry 4.4%, industry 18.6%, construction 6%, commerce 16.3%, finance, insurance, and business services 13.9%, transport and communications 7.6%, public services 33.2% (2004)
France agriculture: 4.1%
industry: 24.4%
services: 71.5% (1999)
French Polynesia agriculture: 13%
industry: 19%
services: 68% (2002)
Gabon agriculture: 60%
industry: 15%
services: 25%
Gambia, The agriculture: 75%
industry: 19%
services: 6% (1996)
Gaza Strip agriculture: 12%
industry: 18%
services: 70% (2005)
Georgia agriculture: 55.6%
industry: 8.9%
services: 35.5% (2006 est.)
Germany agriculture: 2.8%
industry: 33.4%
services: 63.8% (1999)
Ghana agriculture: 56%
industry: 15%
services: 29% (2005 est.)
Gibraltar agriculture: negligible
industry: 40%
services: 60% (2001)
Greece agriculture: 12%
industry: 20%
services: 68% (2004 est.)
Grenada agriculture: 24%
industry: 14%
services: 62% (1999 est.)
Guam agriculture: 26%
industry: 10%
services: 64% (2004 est.)
Guatemala agriculture: 50%
industry: 15%
services: 35% (1999 est.)
Guinea agriculture: 76%
industry and services: 24% (2006 est.)
Guinea-Bissau agriculture: 82%
industry and services: 18% (2000 est.)
Guyana agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Haiti agriculture: 66%
industry: 9%
services: 25% (1995)
Holy See (Vatican City) note: essentially services with a small amount of industry; nearly all dignitaries, priests, nuns, guards, and the approximately 3,000 lay workers live outside the Vatican
Honduras agriculture: 34%
industry: 23%
services: 43% (2003 est.)
Hong Kong manufacturing 6.5%, construction 2.1%, wholesale and retail trade, restaurants, and hotels 43.3%, financing, insurance, and real estate 20.7%, transport and communications 7.8%, community and social services 19.5%
note: above data exclude public sector (2007 est.)
Hungary agriculture: 5.5%
industry: 33.3%
services: 61.2% (2003)
Iceland agriculture: 5.1%
industry: 23%
services: 71.8% (2005)
India agriculture: 60%
industry: 12%
services: 28% (2003)
Indonesia agriculture: 43.3%
industry: 18%
services: 38.7% (2004 est.)
Iran agriculture: 25%
industry: 31%
services: 45% (June 2007)
Iraq agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Ireland agriculture: 6%
industry: 27%
services: 67% (2006 est.)
Isle of Man agriculture, forestry, and fishing 3%, manufacturing 11%, construction 10%, transport and communication 8%, wholesale and retail distribution 11%, professional and scientific services 18%, public administration 6%, banking and finance 18%, tourism 2%, entertainment and catering 3%, miscellaneous services 10% (2001)
Israel agriculture 18.5%, industry 23.7%, services 50%, other 7.8% (2002)
Italy agriculture: 5%
industry: 32%
services: 63% (2001)
Jamaica agriculture: 17%
industry: 19%
services: 64% (2006)
Japan agriculture: 4.6%
industry: 27.8%
services: 67.7% (2004)
Jordan agriculture: 5%
industry: 12.5%
services: 82.5% (2001 est.)
Kazakhstan agriculture: 32.2%
industry: 18%
services: 49.8% (2005)
Kenya agriculture: 75%
industry and services: 25% (2003 est.)
Kiribati agriculture: 2.7%
industry: 32%
services: 65.3% (2000)
Korea, North agriculture: 37%
industry and services: 63% (2004 est.)
Korea, South agriculture: 7.5%
industry: 17.3%
services: 75.2% (2007)
Kosovo agriculture: 21.4%
industry: NA
services: NA (2006 est,)
Kuwait agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Kyrgyzstan agriculture: 55%
industry: 15%
services: 30% (2000 est.)
Laos agriculture: 80%
industry and services: 20% (2005 est.)
Latvia agriculture: 13%
industry: 19%
services: 68% (2005 est.)
Lebanon agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Lesotho agriculture: 86% of resident population engaged in subsistence agriculture; roughly 35% of the active male wage earners work in South Africa
industry and services: 14% (2002 est.)
Liberia agriculture: 70%
industry: 8%
services: 22% (2000 est.)
Libya agriculture: 17%
industry: 23%
services: 59% (2004 est.)
Liechtenstein agriculture: 2.1%
industry: 43.9%
services: 54% (2005)
Lithuania agriculture: 15.8%
industry: 28.2%
services: 56% (2004)
Luxembourg agriculture: 1%
industry: 13%
services: 86% (2004 est.)
Macau manufacturing 11.1%, construction 11.7%, transport and communications 6.3%, wholesale and retail trade 13.7%, restaurants and hotels 11.3%, gambling 19.8%, public sector 7.7%, financial services 2.6%, other services and agriculture 15.7% (2006 est.)
Macedonia agriculture: 19.6%
industry: 30.4%
services: 50% (September 2007)
Malawi agriculture: 90%
industry and services: 10% (2003 est.)
Malaysia agriculture: 13%
industry: 36%
services: 51% (2005 est.)
Maldives agriculture: 22%
industry: 18%
services: 60% (1995)
Mali agriculture: 80%
industry and services: 20% (2005 est.)
Malta agriculture: 3%
industry: 22%
services: 75% (2005 est.)
Marshall Islands agriculture: 21.4%
industry: 20.9%
services: 57.7% (2000)
Mauritania agriculture: 50%
industry: 10%
services: 40% (2001 est.)
Mauritius agriculture and fishing 9%, construction and industry 30%, transportation and communication 7%, trade, restaurants, hotels 22%, finance 6%, other services 25% (2007)
Mexico agriculture: 18%
industry: 24%
services: 58% (2003)
Micronesia, Federated States of agriculture: 0.9%
industry: 34.4%
services: 64.7%
note: two-thirds are government employees (FY05 est.)
Moldova agriculture: 40.7%
industry: 12.1%
services: 47.2% (2005)
Mongolia agriculture: 39.9%
industry: 11.7%
services: 49.4% (2006)
Montenegro agriculture: 2%
industry: 30%
services: 68% (2004 est.)
Morocco agriculture: 40%
industry: 15%
services: 45% (2003 est.)
Mozambique agriculture: 81%
industry: 6%
services: 13% (1997 est.)
Namibia agriculture: 47%
industry: 20%
services: 33% (1999 est.)
Nauru note: employed in mining phosphates, public administration, education, and transportation (1992)
Nepal agriculture: 76%
industry: 6%
services: 18% (2004 est.)
Netherlands agriculture: 3%
industry: 21%
services: 76% (2005 est.)
Netherlands Antilles agriculture: 1%
industry: 20%
services: 79% (2005 est.)
New Caledonia agriculture: 20%
industry: 20%
services: 60% (2002)
New Zealand agriculture: 7%
industry: 19%
services: 74% (2006 est.)
Nicaragua agriculture: 29%
industry: 19%
services: 52% (2006 est.)
Niger agriculture: 90%
industry: 6%
services: 4% (1995)
Nigeria agriculture: 70%
industry: 10%
services: 20% (1999 est.)
Niue note: most work on family plantations; paid work exists only in government service, small industry, and the Niue Development Board
Norfolk Island agriculture: 10%
industry and services: 90%
Northern Mariana Islands agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Norway agriculture: 4%
industry: 22%
services: 74% (1995)
Oman agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Pakistan agriculture: 42%
industry: 20%
services: 38% (2004 est.)
Palau agriculture: 20%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Panama agriculture: 15%
industry: 18%
services: 67% (2006)
Papua New Guinea agriculture: 85%
industry: NA%
services: NA% (2005 est.)
Paraguay agriculture: 31%
industry: 17%
services: 52% (2007)
Peru agriculture: 9%
industry: 18%
services: 73% (2001)
Philippines agriculture: 35%
industry: 15%
services: 50% (2007 est.)
Pitcairn Islands note: no business community in the usual sense; some public works; subsistence farming and fishing
Poland agriculture: 16.1%
industry: 29%
services: 54.9% (2002)
Portugal agriculture: 10%
industry: 30%
services: 60% (2007 est.)
Puerto Rico agriculture: 3%
industry: 20%
services: 77% (2000 est.)
Romania agriculture: 29.7%
industry: 23.2%
services: 47.1% (2006)
Russia agriculture: 10.8%
industry: 28.8%
services: 60.5% (November 2007 est.)
Rwanda agriculture: 90%
industry and services: 10% (2000)
Saint Helena agriculture: 6%
industry: 48%
services: 46% (1987 est.)
Saint Lucia agriculture: 21.7%
industry: 24.7%
services: 53.6% (2002 est.)
Saint Martin 85% directly or indirectly employed in tourist industry
Saint Pierre and Miquelon agriculture: 18%
industry: 41%
services: 41% (1996 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines agriculture: 26%
industry: 17%
services: 57% (1980 est.)
Samoa agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
San Marino agriculture: 0.2%
industry: 40.1%
services: 59.7% (2006 est.)
Sao Tome and Principe note: population mainly engaged in subsistence agriculture and fishing; shortages of skilled workers
Saudi Arabia agriculture: 12%
industry: 25%
services: 63% (1999 est.)
Senegal agriculture: 77.5%
industry and services: 22.5% (2007 est.)
Serbia agriculture: 30%
industry: 46%
services: 24% (2002)
Seychelles agriculture: 3%
industry: 23%
services: 74% (2006)
Sierra Leone agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Singapore manufacturing 21%, construction 5%, transportation and communication 7%, financial, business, and other services 42%, other 25% (2006)
Slovakia agriculture 5.8%, industry 29.3%, construction 9%, services 55.9% (2003)
Slovenia agriculture: 2.5%
industry: 36%
services: 61.5% (2007)
Solomon Islands agriculture: 75%
industry: 5%
services: 20% (2000 est.)
Somalia agriculture: 71%
industry and services: 29% (1975)
South Africa agriculture: 9%
industry: 26%
services: 65% (2007 est.)
Spain agriculture: 5.3%
industry: 30.1%
services: 64.6% (2004 est.)
Sri Lanka agriculture: 34.3%
industry: 25.3%
services: 40.4% (30 June 2006 est.)
Sudan agriculture: 80%
industry: 7%
services: 13% (1998 est.)
Suriname agriculture: 8%
industry: 14%
services: 78% (2004)
Swaziland agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Sweden agriculture: 2%
industry: 24%
services: 74% (2000 est.)
Switzerland agriculture: 3.8%
industry: 23.7%
services: 72.5% (2005)
Syria agriculture: 19.2%
industry: 14.5%
services: 66.3% (2006 est.)
Taiwan agriculture: 5.3%
industry: 36.8%
services: 57.9% (2007 est.)
Tajikistan agriculture: 67.2%
industry: 7.5%
services: 25.3% (2000 est.)
Tanzania agriculture: 80%
industry and services: 20% (2002 est.)
Thailand agriculture: 49%
industry: 14%
services: 37% (2000 est.)
Timor-Leste agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Togo agriculture: 65%
industry: 5%
services: 30% (1998 est.)
Tonga agriculture: 65%
industry and services: 35% (1997 est.)
Trinidad and Tobago agriculture 4%, manufacturing, mining, and quarrying 12.9%, construction and utilities 17.5%, services 65.6% (2006 est.)
Tunisia agriculture: 55%
industry: 23%
services: 22% (1995 est.)
Turkey agriculture: 35.9%
industry: 22.8%
services: 41.2% (3rd quarter, 2004)
Turkmenistan agriculture: 48.2%
industry: 14%
services: 37.8% (2004 est.)
Turks and Caicos Islands note: about 33% in government and 20% in agriculture and fishing; significant numbers in tourism, financial, and other services
Tuvalu note: people make a living mainly through exploitation of the sea, reefs, and atolls and from wages sent home by those abroad (mostly workers in the phosphate industry and sailors)
Uganda agriculture: 82%
industry: 5%
services: 13% (1999 est.)
Ukraine agriculture: 25%
industry: 20%
services: 55% (1996)
United Arab Emirates agriculture: 7%
industry: 15%
services: 78% (2000 est.)
United Kingdom agriculture: 1.4%
industry: 18.2%
services: 80.4% (2006 est.)
United States farming, forestry, and fishing 0.6%, manufacturing, extraction, transportation, and crafts 22.6%, managerial, professional, and technical 35.5%, sales and office 24.8%, other services 16.5%
note: figures exclude the unemployed (2007)
Uruguay agriculture: 9%
industry: 15%
services: 76% (2007 est.)
Uzbekistan agriculture: 44%
industry: 20%
services: 36% (1995)
Vanuatu agriculture: 65%
industry: 5%
services: 30% (2000 est.)
Venezuela agriculture: 13%
industry: 23%
services: 64% (1997 est.)
Vietnam agriculture: 55.6%
industry: 18.9%
services: 25.5% (July 2005)
Virgin Islands agriculture: 1%
industry: 19%
services: 80% (2003 est.)
Wallis and Futuna agriculture: 80%
industry: 4%
services: 16% (2001 est.)
West Bank agriculture: 18%
industry: 15%
services: 67% (2006)
Western Sahara agriculture: 50%
industry and services: 50% (2005 est.)
World agriculture: 40%
industry: 20.5%
services: 39.5% (2007 est.)
Yemen note: most people are employed in agriculture and herding; services, construction, industry, and commerce account for less than one-fourth of the labor force
Zambia agriculture: 85%
industry: 6%
services: 9% (2004)
Zimbabwe agriculture: 66%
industry: 10%
services: 24% (1996)
This page was last updated on 15 April, 2008
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