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World Demographics

Did You Know?
Per Capita Income
Luxemburg has the highest per capita income ($55,100 in 2003), and East Timor has the lowest ($500 in 2001).

Americans at age 65 or older.
Today, about 13% of Americans, or 35 million people, are aged 65 and older. But between 2010 and 2030, this segment of the population is expected to swell to over 69 million, and one in five of us will be considered “elderly.” By 2050, the elderly population is projected to reach 79 million. (U.S. Census Bureau)

Deaths from HIV/AIDS
South Africa has the most people who died of AIDS (370,000 in 2003), compared to Svalbard (0 in 2001).

Teen Pregnancy
USA has the highest rate of teen pregnancy among the industrialized countries.

$17 billion spent on pet food a year in Europe and USA
According to the UN, Americans and Europeans together spend $17 billion a year on pet food, $4 billion more than the estimated yearly additional amount needed to provide everyone in the world with basic health and nutrition.

World Ethnic Groups

This entry provides an ordered listing of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
Country
Ethnic Groups
Afghanistan: Pashtun 38%, Tajik 25%, Hazara 19%, minor ethnic groups (Aimaks, Turkmen, Baloch, and others) 12%, Uzbek 6%
Albania: Albanian 95%, Greeks 3%, other 2% (Vlachs, Gypsies, Serbs, and Bulgarians) (1989 est.) note:  in 1989, other estimates of the Greek population ranged from 1% (official Albanian statistics) to 12% (from a Greek organization)
Algeria: Arab-Berber 99%, European less than 1%
American Samoa: Samoan (Polynesian) 89%, Caucasian 2%, Tongan 4%, other 5%
Andorra: Spanish 43%, Andorran 33%, Portuguese 11%, French 7%, other 6% (1998)
Angola: Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mestico (mixed European and Native African) 2%, European 1%, other 22%
Anguilla: black
Antigua and Barbuda: black, British, Portuguese, Lebanese, Syrian
Argentina: white (mostly Spanish and Italian) 97%, mestizo, Amerindian, or other nonwhite groups 3%
Armenia: Armenian 93%, Azeri 3%, Russian 2%, other (mostly Yezidi Kurds) 2% (1989) note:  as of the end of 1993, virtually all Azeris had emigrated from Armenia
Aruba: mixed white/Caribbean Amerindian 80%
Australia: Caucasian 92%, Asian 7%, aboriginal and other 1%
Austria: German 98%, Croatian, Slovene, other (includes Hungarians, Czechs, Slovaks, Roma)
Azerbaijan: Azeri 90%, Dagestani 3.2%, Russian 2.5%, Armenian 2%, other 2.3% (1998 est.) note:  almost all Armenians live in the separatist Nagorno-Karabakh region
Bahamas, The: black 85%, white 12%, Asian and Hispanic 3%
Bahrain: Bahraini 63%, Asian 19%, other Arab 10%, Iranian 8%
Bangladesh: Bengali 98%, tribal groups, non-Bengali Muslims (1998)
Barbados: black 80%, white 4%, other 16%
Belarus: Byelorussian 81.2%, Russian 11.4%, Polish, Ukrainian, and other 7.4%
Belgium: Fleming 58%, Walloon 31%, mixed or other 11%
Belize: mestizo 43.7%, Creole 29.8%, Maya 10%, Garifuna 6.2%, other 10.3%
Benin: African 99% (42 ethnic groups, most important being Fon, Adja, Yoruba, Bariba), Europeans 5,500
Bermuda: black 58%, white 36%, other 6%
Bhutan: Bhote 50%, ethnic Nepalese 35%, indigenous or migrant tribes 15%
Bolivia: Quechua 30%, Aymara 25%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry) 30%, white 15%
Bosnia and Herzegovina: Serb 31%, Bosniak 44%, Croat 17%, Yugoslav 5.5%, other 2.5% (1991) note:  Bosniak has replaced muslim as an ethnic term in part to avoid confusion with the religious term Muslim - an adherent of Islam
Botswana: Tswana (or Setswana) 79%, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, other, including Kgalagadi and white 7%
Brazil: white (includes Portuguese, German, Italian, Spanish, Polish) 55%, mixed white and black 38%, black 6%, other (includes Japanese, Arab, Amerindian) 1%
British Virgin Islands: black 90%, white, Asian
Brunei: Malay 67%, Chinese 15%, indigenous 6%, other 12%
Bulgaria: Bulgarian 83%, Turk 8.5%, Roma 2.6%, Macedonian, Armenian, Tatar, Gagauz, Circassian, others (1998)
Burkina Faso: Mossi over 40%, Gurunsi, Senufo, Lobi, Bobo, Mande, Fulani
Burma: Burman 68%, Shan 9%, Karen 7%, Rakhine 4%, Chinese 3%, Mon 2%, Indian 2%, other 5%
Burundi: Hutu (Bantu) 85%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 14%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%, Europeans 3,000, South Asians 2,000
Cambodia: Khmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese 1%, other 4%
Cameroon: Cameroon Highlanders 31%, Equatorial Bantu 19%, Kirdi 11%, Fulani 10%, Northwestern Bantu 8%, Eastern Nigritic 7%, other African 13%, non-African less than 1%
Canada: British Isles origin 28%, French origin 23%, other European 15%, Amerindian 2%, other, mostly Asian, African, Arab 6%, mixed background 26%
Cape Verde: Creole (mulatto) 71%, African 28%, European 1%
Cayman Islands: mixed 40%, white 20%, black 20%, expatriates of various ethnic groups 20%
Central African Republic: Baya 34%, Banda 27%, Sara 10%, Mandjia 21%, Mboum 4%, M'Baka 4%, Europeans 6,500 (including 1,500 French)
Chad: Muslims, commonly referred to as "northerners" or "gorane" (Arabs, Toubou, Hadjerai, Fulbe, Kotoko, Kanembou, Baguirmi, Boulala, Zaghawa, and Maba); non-Muslims, commonly referred to as "southerners" (Sara, Ngambaye, Mbaye, Goulaye, Moundang, Moussei, Massa) including nonindigenous 150,000 (of whom 1,000 are French) note:  ethnicity and regional background more commonly used to identify Chadians than religious affiliation
Chile: white and white-Amerindian 95%, Amerindian 3%, other 2%
China: Han Chinese 91.9%, Zhuang, Uygur, Hui, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Manchu, Mongol, Buyi, Korean, and other nationalities 8.1%
Christmas Island: Chinese 61%, Malay 25%, European 11%, other 3%, no indigenous population
Cocos (Keeling) Islands: Europeans, Cocos Malays
Colombia: mestizo 58%, white 20%, mulatto 14%, black 4%, mixed black-Amerindian 3%, Amerindian 1%
Comoros: Antalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha, Sakalava
Congo, Democratic Republic of the: over 200 African ethnic groups of which the majority are Bantu; the four largest tribes - Mongo, Luba, Kongo (all Bantu), and the Mangbetu-Azande (Hamitic) make up about 45% of the population
Congo, Republic of the: Kongo 48%, Sangha 20%, M'Bochi 12%, Teke 17%, Europeans NA%; note - Europeans estimated at 8,500, mostly French, before the 1997 civil war; may be half that of 1998, following the widespread destruction of foreign businesses in 1997
Cook Islands: Polynesian (full blood) 81.3%, Polynesian and European 7.7%, Polynesian and non-European 7.7%, European 2.4%, other 0.9%
Costa Rica: white (including mestizo) 94%, black 3%, Amerindian 1%, Chinese 1%, other 1%
Cote d'Ivoire: Akan 42.1%, Voltaiques or Gur 17.6%, Northern Mandes 16.5%, Krous 11%, Southern Mandes 10%, other 2.8% (1998)
Croatia: Croat 78.1%, Serb 12.2%, Bosniak 0.9%, Hungarian 0.5%, Slovenian 0.5%, Czech 0.4%, Albanian 0.3%, Montenegrin 0.3%, Roma 0.2%, others 6.6% (1991)
Cuba: mulatto 51%, white 37%, black 11%, Chinese 1%
Cyprus: Greek 78% (99.5% of the Greeks live in the Greek Cypriot area; 0.5% of the Greeks live in the Turkish Cypriot area), Turkish 18% (1.3% of the Turks live in the Greek Cypriot area; 98.7% of the Turks live in the Turkish Cypriot area), other 4% (99.2% of the other ethnic groups live in the Greek Cypriot area; 0.8% of the other ethnic groups live in the Turkish Cypriot area)
Czech Republic: Czech 81.2%, Moravian 13.2%, Slovak 3.1%, Polish 0.6%, German 0.5%, Silesian 0.4%, Roma 0.3%, Hungarian 0.2%, other 0.5% (1991)
Denmark: Scandinavian, Inuit, Faroese, German, Turkish, Iranian, Somali
Djibouti: Somali 60%, Afar 35%, French, Arab, Ethiopian, and Italian 5%
Dominica: black, Carib Amerindian
Dominican Republic: white 16%, black 11%, mixed 73%
Ecuador: mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 65%, Amerindian 25%, Spanish and others 7%, black 3%
Egypt: Eastern Hamitic stock (Egyptians, Bedouins, and Berbers) 99%, Greek, Nubian, Armenian, other European (primarily Italian and French) 1%
El Salvador: mestizo 90%, Amerindian 1%, white 9%
Equatorial Guinea: Bioko (primarily Bubi, some Fernandinos), Rio Muni (primarily Fang), Europeans less than 1,000, mostly Spanish
Eritrea: ethnic Tigrinya 50%, Tigre and Kunama 40%, Afar 4%, Saho (Red Sea coast dwellers) 3%
Estonia: Estonian 65.1%, Russian 28.1%, Ukrainian 2.5%, Byelorussian 1.5%, Finn 1%, other 1.8% (1998)
Ethiopia: Oromo 40%, Amhara and Tigre 32%, Sidamo 9%, Shankella 6%, Somali 6%, Afar 4%, Gurage 2%, other 1%
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas): British
Faroe Islands: Scandinavian
Fiji: Fijian 51% (predominantly Melanesian with a Polynesian admixture), Indian 44%, European, other Pacific Islanders, overseas Chinese, and other 5% (1998 est.)
Finland: Finn 93%, Swede 6%, Sami 0.11%, Roma 0.12%, Tatar 0.02%
France: Celtic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic, North African, Indochinese, Basque minorities
French Guiana: black or mulatto 66%, white 12%, East Indian, Chinese, Amerindian 12%, other 10%
French Polynesia: Polynesian 78%, Chinese 12%, local French 6%, metropolitan French 4%
Gabon: Bantu tribes including four major tribal groupings (Fang, Eshira, Bapounou, Bateke), other Africans and Europeans 154,000, including 10,700 French and 11,000 persons of dual nationality
Gambia, The: African 99% (Mandinka 42%, Fula 18%, Wolof 16%, Jola 10%, Serahuli 9%, other 4%), non-African 1%
Gaza Strip: Palestinian Arab and other 99.4%, Jewish 0.6%
Georgia: Georgian 70.1%, Armenian 8.1%, Russian 6.3%, Azeri 5.7%, Ossetian 3%, Abkhaz 1.8%, other 5%
Germany: German 91.5%, Turkish 2.4%, other 6.1% (made up largely of Serbo-Croatian, Italian, Russian, Greek, Polish, Spanish)
Ghana: black African 99.8% (major tribes - Akan 44%, Moshi-Dagomba 16%, Ewe 13%, Ga 8%), European and other 0.2%
Gibraltar: Spanish, Italian, English, Maltese, Portuguese
Greece: Greek 98%, other 2% note:  the Greek Government states there are no ethnic divisions in Greece
Greenland: Greenlander 88% (Inuit and Greenland-born whites), Danish and others 12% (January 2000)
Grenada: black 82% some South Asians (East Indians) and Europeans, trace Arawak/Carib Amerindian
Guadeloupe: black or mulatto 90%, white 5%, East Indian, Lebanese, Chinese less than 5%
Guam: Chamorro 47%, Filipino 25%, white 10%, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and other 18%
Guatemala: Mestizo (mixed Amerindian-Spanish or assimilated Amerindian - in local Spanish called Ladino), approximately 55%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian, approximately 43%, whites and others 2%
Guernsey: UK and Norman-French descent
Guinea: Peuhl 40%, Malinke 30%, Soussou 20%, smaller ethnic groups 10%
Guinea-Bissau: African 99% (Balanta 30%, Fula 20%, Manjaca 14%, Mandinga 13%, Papel 7%), European and mulatto less than 1%
Guyana: East Indian 49%, black 32%, mixed 12%, Amerindian 6%, white and Chinese 1%
Haiti: black 95%, mulatto and white 5%
Holy See (Vatican City): Italians, Swiss, other
Honduras: mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%
Hong Kong: Chinese 95%, other 5%
Hungary: Hungarian 89.9%, Roma 4%, German 2.6%, Serb 2%, Slovak 0.8%, Romanian 0.7%
Iceland: homogeneous mixture of descendants of Norse and Celts
India: Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000)
Indonesia: Javanese 45%, Sundanese 14%, Madurese 7.5%, coastal Malays 7.5%, other 26%
Iran: Persian 51%, Azeri 24%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 8%, Kurd 7%, Arab 3%, Lur 2%, Baloch 2%, Turkmen 2%, other 1%
Iraq: Arab 75%-80%, Kurdish 15%-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian or other 5%
Ireland: Celtic, English
Israel: Jewish 80.1% (Europe/America-born 32.1%, Israel-born 20.8%, Africa-born 14.6%, Asia-born 12.6%), non-Jewish 19.9% (mostly Arab) (1996 est.)
Italy: Italian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)
Jamaica: black 90.9%, East Indian 1.3%, white 0.2%, Chinese 0.2%, mixed 7.3%, other 0.1%
Japan: Japanese 99.4%, Korean 0.6% (1999)
Jersey: UK and Norman-French descent
Jordan: Arab 98%, Circassian 1%, Armenian 1%
Kazakhstan: Kazakh (Qazaq) 53.4%, Russian 30%, Ukrainian 3.7%, Uzbek 2.5%, German 2.4%, Uighur 1.4%, other 6.6% (1999 census)
Kenya: Kikuyu 22%, Luhya 14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 12%, Kamba 11%, Kisii 6%, Meru 6%, other African 15%, non-African (Asian, European, and Arab) 1%
Kiribati: predominantly Micronesian with some Polynesian
Korea, North: racially homogeneous; there is a small Chinese community and a few ethnic Japanese
Korea, South: homogeneous (except for about 20,000 Chinese)
Kuwait: Kuwaiti 45%, other Arab 35%, South Asian 9%, Iranian 4%, other 7%
Kyrgyzstan: Kirghiz 52.4%, Russian 18%, Uzbek 12.9%, Ukrainian 2.5%, German 2.4%, other 11.8%
Laos: Lao Loum (lowland) 68%, Lao Theung (upland) 22%, Lao Soung (highland) including the Hmong ("Meo") and the Yao (Mien) 9%, ethnic Vietnamese/Chinese 1%
Latvia: Latvian 56.5%, Russian 30.4%, Byelorussian 4.3%, Ukrainian 2.8%, Polish 2.6%, other 3.4%
Lebanon: Arab 95%, Armenian 4%, other 1%
Lesotho: Sotho 99.7%, Europeans, Asians, and other 0.3%,
Liberia: indigenous African tribes 95% (including Kpelle, Bassa, Gio, Kru, Grebo, Mano, Krahn, Gola, Gbandi, Loma, Kissi, Vai, and Bella), Americo-Liberians 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the US who had been slaves), Congo People 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the Caribbean who had been slaves)
Libya: Berber and Arab 97%, Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, Tunisians
Liechtenstein: Alemannic 87.5%, Italian, Turkish, and other 12.5%
Lithuania: Lithuanian 80.6%, Russian 8.7%, Polish 7%, Byelorussian 1.6%, other 2.1%
Luxembourg: Celtic base (with French and German blend), Portuguese, Italian, Slavs (from Montenegro, Albania, and Kososvo) and European (guest and resident workers)
Macau: Chinese 95%, Macanese (mixed Portuguese and Asian ancestry), Portuguese, other
Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of: Macedonian 66.6%, Albanian 22.7%, Turkish 4%, Roma 2.2%, Serb 2.1%, other 2.4% (1994)
Madagascar: Malayo-Indonesian (Merina and related Betsileo), Cotiers (mixed African, Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry - Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety, Antaisaka, Sakalava), French, Indian, Creole, Comoran
Malawi: Chewa, Nyanja, Tumbuko, Yao, Lomwe, Sena, Tonga, Ngoni, Ngonde, Asian, European
Malaysia: Malay and other indigenous 58%, Chinese 27%, Indian 8%, others 7% (2000)
Maldives: South Indians, Sinhalese, Arabs
Mali: Mande 50% (Bambara, Malinke, Soninke), Peul 17%, Voltaic 12%, Songhai 6%, Tuareg and Moor 10%, other 5%
Malta: Maltese (descendants of ancient Carthaginians and Phoenicians, with strong elements of Italian and other Mediterranean stock)
Man, Isle of: Manx (Norse-Celtic descent), Briton
Marshall Islands: Micronesian
Martinique: African and African-white-Indian mixture 90%, white 5%, East Indian, Chinese less than 5%
Mauritania: mixed Maur/black 40%, Maur 30%, black 30%
Mauritius: Indo-Mauritian 68%, Creole 27%, Sino-Mauritian 3%, Franco-Mauritian 2%
Mayotte: NA
Mexico: mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 60%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian 30%, white 9%, other 1%
Micronesia, Federated States of: nine ethnic Micronesian and Polynesian groups
Moldova: Moldovan/Romanian 64.5%, Ukrainian 13.8%, Russian 13%, Gagauz 3.5%, Jewish 1.5%, Bulgarian 2%, other 1.7% (1989 est.) note:  internal disputes with ethnic Slavs in the Transnistrian region
Monaco: French 47%, Monegasque 16%, Italian 16%, other 21%
Mongolia: Mongol (predominantly Khalkha) 85%, Turkic (of which Kazakh is the largest group) 7%, Tungusic 4.6%, other (including Chinese and Russian) 3.4% (1998)
Montserrat: black, white
Morocco: Arab-Berber 99.1%, other 0.7%, Jewish 0.2%
Mozambique: indigenous tribal groups 99.66% (Shangaan, Chokwe, Manyika, Sena, Makua, and others), Europeans 0.06%, Euro-Africans 0.2%, Indians 0.08%
Namibia: black 87.5%, white 6%, mixed 6.5% note:  about 50% of the population belong to the Ovambo tribe and 9% to the Kavangos tribe; other ethnic groups are: Herero 7%, Damara 7%, Nama 5%, Caprivian 4%, Bushmen 3%, Baster 2%, Tswana 0.5%
Nauru: Nauruan 58%, other Pacific Islander 26%, Chinese 8%, European 8%
Nepal: Brahman, Chetri, Newar, Gurung, Magar, Tamang, Rai, Limbu, Sherpa, Tharu, and others (1995)
Netherlands: Dutch 91%, Moroccans, Turks, and other 9% (1999 est.)
Netherlands Antilles: mixed black 85%, Carib Amerindian, white, East Asian
New Caledonia: Melanesian 42.5%, European 37.1%, Wallisian 8.4%, Polynesian 3.8%, Indonesian 3.6%, Vietnamese 1.6%, other 3%
New Zealand: New Zealand European 74.5%, Maori 9.7%, other European 4.6%, Pacific Islander 3.8%, Asian and others 7.4%
Nicaragua: mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 69%, white 17%, black 9%, Amerindian 5%
Niger: Hausa 56%, Djerma 22%, Fula 8.5%, Tuareg 8%, Beri Beri (Kanouri) 4.3%, Arab, Toubou, and Gourmantche 1.2%, about 1,200 French expatriates
Nigeria: Nigeria, which is Africa's most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; the following are the most populous and politically influential: Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5%
Niue: Polynesian (with some 200 Europeans, Samoans, and Tongans)
Norfolk Island: descendants of the Bounty mutineers, Australian, New Zealander, Polynesians
Northern Mariana Islands: Chamorro, Carolinians and other Micronesians, Caucasian, Japanese, Chinese, Korean
Norway: Norwegian (Nordic, Alpine, Baltic), Sami 20,000
Oman: Arab, Baluchi, South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi), African
Pakistan: Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun (Pathan), Baloch, Muhajir (immigrants from India at the time of partition and their descendants)
Palau: Palauan (Micronesian with Malayan and Melanesian admixtures) 70%, Asian (mainly Filipinos, followed by Chinese, Taiwanese, and Vietnamese) 28%, white 2% (2000 est.)
Panama: mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 70%, Amerindian and mixed (West Indian) 14%, white 10%, Amerindian 6%
Papua New Guinea: Melanesian, Papuan, Negrito, Micronesian, Polynesian
Paraguay: mestizo (mixed Spanish and Amerindian) 95%
Peru: Amerindian 45%, mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 37%, white 15%, black, Japanese, Chinese, and other 3%
Philippines: Christian Malay 91.5%, Muslim Malay 4%, Chinese 1.5%, other 3%
Pitcairn Islands: descendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian wives
Poland: Polish 97.6%, German 1.3%, Ukrainian 0.6%, Byelorussian 0.5% (1990 est.)
Portugal: homogeneous Mediterranean stock; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000
Puerto Rico: white (mostly Spanish origin) 80.5%, black 8%, Amerindian 0.4%, Asian 0.2%, mixed and other 10.9%
Qatar: Arab 40%, Pakistani 18%, Indian 18%, Iranian 10%, other 14%
Reunion: French, African, Malagasy, Chinese, Pakistani, Indian
Romania: Romanian 89.5%, Hungarian 7.1%, Roma 1.8%, German 0.5%, Ukrainian 0.3%, other 0.8% (1992)
Russia: Russian 81.5%, Tatar 3.8%, Ukrainian 3%, Chuvash 1.2%, Bashkir 0.9%, Byelorussian 0.8%, Moldavian 0.7%, other 8.1%
Rwanda: Hutu 84%, Tutsi 15%, Twa (Pygmoid) 1%
Saint Helena: African descent 50%, white 25%, Chinese 25%
Saint Kitts and Nevis: predominantly black some British, Portuguese, and Lebanese
Saint Lucia: black 90%, mixed 6%, East Indian 3%, white 1%
Saint Pierre and Miquelon: Basques and Bretons (French fishermen)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: black 66%, mixed 19%, East Indian 6%, Carib Amerindian 2%
Samoa: Samoan 92.6%, Euronesians 7% (persons of European and Polynesian blood), Europeans 0.4%
San Marino: Sammarinese, Italian
Sao Tome and Principe: mestico, angolares (descendants of Angolan slaves), forros (descendants of freed slaves), servicais (contract laborers from Angola, Mozambique, and Cape Verde), tongas (children of servicais born on the islands), Europeans (primarily Portuguese)
Saudi Arabia: Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%
Senegal: Wolof 43.3%, Pular 23.8%, Serer 14.7%, Jola 3.7%, Mandinka 3%, Soninke 1.1%, European and Lebanese 1%, other 9.4%
Seychelles: Seychellois (mixture of Asians, Africans, Europeans)
Sierra Leone: 20 native African tribes 90% (Temne 30%, Mende 30%, other 30%), Creole 10% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century), refugees from Liberia's recent civil war, small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians
Singapore: Chinese 76.7%, Malay 14%, Indian 7.9%, other 1.4%
Slovakia: Slovak 85.7%, Hungarian 10.6%, Roma 1.6% (the 1992 census figures underreport the Gypsy/Romany community, which is about 500,000), Czech, Moravian, Silesian 1.1%, Ruthenian and Ukrainian 0.6%, German 0.1%, Polish 0.1%, other 0.2% (1996)
Slovenia: Slovene 88%, Croat 3%, Serb 2%, Bosniak 1%, Yugoslav 0.6%, Hungarian 0.4%, other 5% (1991)
Solomon Islands: Melanesian 93%, Polynesian 4%, Micronesian 1.5%, European 0.8%, Chinese 0.3%, other 0.4%
Somalia: Somali 85%, Bantu, Arabs 30,000
South Africa: black 75.2%, white 13.6%, Colored 8.6%, Indian 2.6%
Spain: composite of Mediterranean and Nordic types
Sri Lanka: Sinhalese 74%, Tamil 18%, Moor 7%, Burgher, Malay, and Vedda 1%
Sudan: black 52%, Arab 39%, Beja 6%, foreigners 2%, other 1%
Suriname: Hindustani (also known locally as "East Indians"; their ancestors emigrated from northern India in the latter part of the 19th century) 37%, Creole (mixed white and black) 31%, Javanese 15%, "Maroons" (their African ancestors were brought to the country in the 17th and 18th centuries as slaves and escaped to the interior) 10%, Amerindian 2%, Chinese 2%, white 1%, other 2%
Svalbard: Norwegian 55.4%, Russian and Ukrainian 44.3%, other 0.3% (1998)
Swaziland: African 97%, European 3%
Sweden: indigenous population: Swedes and Finnish and Sami minorities; foreign-born or first-generation immigrants: Finns, Yugoslavs, Danes, Norwegians, Greeks, Turks
Switzerland: German 65%, French 18%, Italian 10%, Romansch 1%, other 6%
Syria: Arab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians, and other 9.7%
Taiwan: Taiwanese (including Hakka) 84%, mainland Chinese 14%, aborigine 2%
Tajikistan: Tajik 64.9%, Uzbek 25%, Russian 3.5% (declining because of emigration), other 6.6%
Tanzania: mainland - native African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, native African, mixed Arab and native African
Thailand: Thai 75%, Chinese 14%, other 11%
Togo: native African (37 tribes; largest and most important are Ewe, Mina, and Kabre) 99%, European and Syrian-Lebanese less than 1%
Tokelau: Polynesian
Tonga: Polynesian, Europeans about 300
Trinidad and Tobago: black 39.5%, East Indian (a local term - primarily immigrants from northern India) 40.3%, mixed 18.4%, white 0.6%, Chinese and other 1.2%
Tunisia: Arab 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1%
Turkey: Turkish 80%, Kurdish 20%
Turkmenistan: Turkmen 77%, Uzbek 9.2%, Russian 6.7%, Kazakh 2%, other 5.1% (1995)
Turks and Caicos Islands: black
Tuvalu: Polynesian 96%
Uganda: Baganda 17%, Karamojong 12%, Basogo 8%, Iteso 8%, Langi 6%, Rwanda 6%, Bagisu 5%, Acholi 4%, Lugbara 4%, Bunyoro 3%, Batoro 3%, non-African (European, Asian, Arab) 1%, other 23%
Ukraine: Ukrainian 73%, Russian 22%, Jewish 1%, other 4%
United Arab Emirates: Emirati 19%, other Arab and Iranian 23%, South Asian 50%, other expatriates (includes Westerners and East Asians) 8% (1982) note:  less than 20% are UAE citizens (1982)
United Kingdom: English 81.5%, Scottish 9.6%, Irish 2.4%, Welsh 1.9%, Ulster 1.8%, West Indian, Indian, Pakistani, and other 2.8%
United States: white 83.5%, black 12.4%, Asian 3.3%, Amerindian 0.8% (1992) note:  a separate listing for Hispanic is not included because the US Census Bureau considers Hispanic to mean a person of Latin American descent (especially of Cuban, Mexican, or Puerto Rican origin) living in the US who may be of any race or ethnic group (white, black, Asian, etc.)
Uruguay: white 88%, mestizo 8%, black 4%, Amerindian, practically nonexistent
Uzbekistan: Uzbek 80%, Russian 5.5%, Tajik 5%, Kazakh 3%, Karakalpak 2.5%, Tatar 1.5%, other 2.5% (1996 est.)
Vanuatu: indigenous Melanesian 94%, French 4%, Vietnamese, Chinese, Pacific Islanders
Venezuela: Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Arab, German, African, indigenous people
Vietnam: Vietnamese 85%-90%, Chinese, Hmong, Thai, Khmer, Cham, mountain groups
Virgin Islands: black 80%, white 15%, other 5% note:  West Indian (45% born in the Virgin Islands and 29% born elsewhere in the West Indies) 74%, US mainland 13%, Puerto Rican 5%, other 8%
Wallis and Futuna: Polynesian
West Bank: Palestinian Arab and other 83%, Jewish 17%
Western Sahara: Arab, Berber
Yemen: predominantly Arab; but also Afro-Arab, South Asians, Europeans
Yugoslavia: Serb 62.6%, Albanian 16.5%, Montenegrin 5%, Hungarian 3.3%, other 12.6% (1991)
Zambia: African 98.7%, European 1.1%, other 0.2%
Zimbabwe: African 98% (Shona 71%, Ndebele 16%, other 11%), mixed and Asian 1%, white less than 1%
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