Google
Search WWW Search siakhenn.tripod.com
Website Index :
Home
Country Profile
Demographics
Health & Self-care
Travel Resources
Video
Humanities & Lifestyle
World Resources

Nature:
Animals Facts
Earth & Space
Human Facts
Plants
Temperature & Time
Time & Date
Tsunami 2004
Weather & Climate Change
Wonders of the World
World Clock

Technology:
Calculators & Converters
Computer Resources
Electronics
Google Satellite Maps
How Stuff Works
Internet Resources
Internet Users
Metric Converters
Search Tools
Test & Assessment
TV Facts: Plasma Vs LCD
TV Broadcast Standards
Weights & Measures
Webmaster Resources

Related Links:
A-Z Animal Directory
Animal Kingdoms:Galleries
Mountains of North America
Mountains of Prominence
USA National Park Tour in 3D
World in 3D Pictures

Television Broadcast Standards

The table below shows the types of television broadcast standards used in most countries around the world.

There are currently three main television standards used throughout the world:

NTSC - National Television Standards Committee. The oldest existing standard, developed in the USA. First used in 1954, NYSC consists of 525 horizontal lines of display and 60 vertical lines. It is sometimes irreverently referred to as "Never Twice the Same Color." Only one type exists, known as NTSC M.

SECAM - Système Électronique pour Couleur avec Mémoire. Developed in France, SECAM was first used in 1967, with a 625-line vertical, 50-line horizontal display. Sometimes referred to by wags as "Something Essentially Contrary to the American Method" or SEcond Colour Always Magenta!" Different types of SECAM use different video bandwidth and audio carrier specifications. Types B and D are usually used for VHF; types G, H, and K for UHF; types I, N, M, K1 and L for both VHF/UHF. Different types are generally not compatible.

PAL - Phase Alternating Line. PAL was developed by German engineer, Walter Bruch, and the German electronic corporation Telefunken. Walter Bruch patented his invention in 1963, and the first commercial application of the PAL system was in August 1967, with a 625/50-line display and it is a variant of NTSC. Proponents call it "Perfection At Last". Because of the high cost of the enormous circuit complexity, critics often refer to it as "Pay A Lot," and engineering students may hear it introduced as "Picture Always Lousy." Different types of PAL use different video bandwidth and audio carrier specifications. Common types are B, G and H and the less common types include D, I, K, N and M. The different types are generally not compatible.


Television Broadcast Standards by Country
Country
TV Broadcast Signal Type
Afghanistan PAL B, SECAM B
Albania PAL B/G
Algeria PAL B/G
American Samoa NTSC
Andorra NA
Angola PAL I
Anguilla NA
Antarctica NTSC M
Antigua and Barbuda NTSC M
Argentina PAL N
Armenia SECAM D/K
Aruba NTSC M
Australia PAL B/G
Austria PAL B/G
Azerbaijan SECAM D/K
Azores PAL B
Bahamas, The NTSC M
Bahrain PAL B/G
Bangladesh PAL B
Barbados NTSC M
Belarus SECAM D/K
Belgium PAL B/H
Belize NTSC M
Benin SECAM K
Bermuda NTSC M
Bhutan NA
Bolivia NTSC M
Bosnia and Herzegovina PAL B/H
Botswana SECAM K, PAL I
Brazil PAL M
British Indian Ocean Territory (AF Diego Garcia TV - AFRTS) NTSC M
British Virgin Islands NA
Brunei PAL B
Bulgaria PAL
Burkina Faso SECAM K
Burma (MYANMAR) NTSC M
Burundi SECAM K
Cambodia PAL B/G, NTSC M
Cameroon PAL B/G
Canada NTSC M
Canary Islands PAL B/G
Cape Verde NA
Cayman Islands NA
Central African Republic SECAM K
Chad SECAM D
Chile NTSC M
China PAL D
Christmas Island NA
Cocos (Keeling) Islands NA
Colombia NTSC M
Comoros NA
Congo, Democratic Republic of the (Zaire) SECAM K
Congo, People's Republic of the SECAM K
Cook Islands PAL B
Costa Rica NTSC M
Cote d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) SECAM K/D
Croatia PAL B/H
Cuba NTSC M
Cyprus PAL B/G
Czech Republic PAL B/G (cable), PAL D/K (broadcast)
Denmark PAL B/G
Diego Garcia NTSC M
Djibouti SECAM K
Dominica NTSC M
Dominican Republic NTSC M
East Timor PAL B
Easter Island PAL B
Ecuador NTSC M
Egypt PAL B/G, SECAM B/G
El Salvador NTSC M
Equatorial Guinea SECAM B
Eritrea NA
Estonia PAL B/G
Ethiopia PAL B
European Union NA
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) PAL I
Faroe Islands NA
Fiji NTSC M
Finland PAL B/G
France SECAM L
France (French Forces TV) SECAM G
French Guiana SECAM K
French Polynesia SECAM K
Gabon SECAM K
Galapagos Islands NTSC M
Gambia, The PAL B
Gaza Strip NA
Georgia SECAM D/K
Germany PAL B/G
Germany (Armed Forces TV Germany) NTSC M
Ghana PAL B/G
Gibraltar PAL B/G
Greece PAL B/G
Greenland PAL B
Grenada NTSC M
Guadeloupe SECAM K
Guam NTSC M
Guatemala NTSC M
Guernsey NA
Guinea PAL K
Guinea-Bissau NA
Guyana NTSC M
Haiti SECAM
Holy See (Vatican City) NA
Honduras NTSC M
Hong Kong PAL I
Hungary PAL K/K
Iceland PAL B/G
India PAL B
Indonesia PAL B
Iran PAL B/G
Iraq PAL
Ireland PAL I
Isle of Man PAL
Israel PAL B/G
Italy PAL B/G
Jamaica NTSC M
Japan NTSC M
Jersey NA
Johnstone Island NTSC M
Jordan PAL B/G
Kazakhstan SECAM D/K
Kenya PAL B/G
Kiribati NA
Korea, North SECAM D, PAL D/K
Korea, South NTSC M
Kuwait PAL B/G
Kyrgyzstan SECAM D/K
Laos PAL B
Latvia PAL B/G
Lebanon PAL B/G
Lesotho PAL K
Liberia PAL B/H
Libya PAL B/G
Liechtenstein PAL B/G
Lithuania PAL B/G, SECAM D/K
Luxembourg PAL B/G, SECAM L
Macau PAL I
Macedonia PAL B/H
Madagascar SECAM K
Madeira PAL B
Malawi NA
Malaysia PAL B
Maldives PAL B
Mali SECAM K
Malta PAL B
Marshall Islands NTSC M
Martinique SECAM K
Mauritania SECAM B
Mauritius SECAM B
Mayotte SECAM K
Mexico NTSC M
Micronesia, Federated States of NTSC M
Mideway Island NTSC M
Moldova (Moldavia) SECAM D/K
Monaco SECAM L, PAL G
Mongolia SECAM D
Montenegro PAL B/G
Montserrat NTSC M
Morocco SECAM B
Mozambique PAL B
Namibia PAL I
Nauru NA
Nepal PAL B
Netherlands PAL B/G
Netherlands (Armed Forces Network) NTSC M
Netherlands Antilles NTSC M
New Caledonia SECAM K
New Zealand PAL B/G
Nicaragua NTSC M
Niger SECAM K
Nigeria PAL B/G
Niue NA
Norfolk Island PAL B
Northern Mariana Islands NTSC M
Norway PAL B/G
Oman PAL B/G
Pakistan PAL B
Palau NTSC M
Panama NTSC M
Papua New Guinea PAL B/G
Paraguay PAL N
Peru NTSC M
Philippines NTSC M
Pitcairn Islands NA
Poland PAL D/K
Portugal PAL B/G
Puerto Rico NTSC M
Qatar PAL B
Reunion SECAM K
Romania PAL D/G
Russia SECAM D/K
Rwanda NA
Saint Helena NA
Saint Kitts and Nevis NTSC M
Saint Lucia NTSC M
Saint Pierre and Miquelon SECAM K
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines NTSC M
Samoa NTSC
San Marino NA
Sao Tome and Principe PAL B/G
Saudi Arabia SECAM B/G, PAL B
Senegal SECAM K
Serbia PAL B/G
Seychelles PAL B/G
Sierra Leone PAL B/G
Singapore PAL B/G
Slovakia PAL B/G
Slovenia PAL B/H
Solomon Islands NA
Somalia PAL B/G
South Africa PAL I
Spain PAL B/G
Sri Lanka PAL
Sudan PAL B
Suriname NTSC M
Svalbard NA
Swaziland PAL B/G
Sweden PAL B/G
Switzerland PAL B/G (German Zone), SECAM L (French Zone)
Syria SECAM B, PAL G
Tahiti SECAM
Taiwan NTSC
Tajikistan SECAM D/K
Tanzania PAL B
Thailand PAL B/M
Timor-Leste NA
Togo SECAM K
Tokelau NA
Tonga NA
Trinidad and Tobago NTSC M
Tunisia SECAM B/G
Turkey PAL B
Turkmenistan SECAM D/K
Turks and Caicos Islands NTSC M
Tuvalu NA
Uganda PAL B/G
Ukraine SECAM D/K
United Arab Emirates PAL B/G
United Kingdom PAL I
United States NTSC M
Uruguay PAL N
Uzbekistan SECAM D/K
Vanuatu NA
Venezuela NTSC M
Vietnam NTSC M,SECAM D
Virgin Islands NTSC M
Wallis and Futuna SECAM K
West Bank NA
Western Sahara NA
Yemen PAL B/NTSC M
Zambia PAL B/G
Zimbabwe PAL B/G
This page was last updated on 12 February, 2008
Copyright © 2000 Siakhenn
Last modified on
arrw_tp_blu.gif (131 bytes)